Mar 5, By Oka Mahendra
Bamboo belonging to the family of Gramineae where in the world is estimated there 1250 species of bamboo that comes from 76 genera. The number of species of bamboo in Indonesia there are an estimated 88 types of bamboo from 17 genera. Of the 76 types of the group Bambusa, Dendrocalamus and Gigantochloa is most often found and used by residents. The types that have been used are generally the type of bamboo that is medium to large with specific characteristics trunk diameter of more than 5 cm and wall thicknesses of more than 1 cm. Therefore, the raw material of bamboo-based industries often use these types of large-sized bamboo because it is more efficient and cheaper conducting.
The types of bamboo recommended for the industry are the types of bamboo that has been known and matches the ecological environment. The types of bamboo petung (D. asper), bamboo lear (G. lear), bamboo legi (G. atter), bamboo wulung (G. atroviolacae), bamboo letters (G. pseudoarundinacae), bamboo Ampel ivory ( B. vulgaris v. striata), bamboo green Ampel (B. vulgaris v. vitata) and bamboo ori (B. blumeana).
Bamboo includes plant species that have high growth rates. Some species of bamboo can grow up to 60 cm long day. Bamboo can be planted for reforestation and bamboo grown-up can be used as building materials (construction), transportation, Manufacture of musical instruments such as angklung, culinary, craft and other household.
In Indonesia there are many handicraft centers with bamboo raw material and one area that produces bamboo craft is Krajan village. The village is situated in Banyumas in Central Java. In this village there are dozens of people who have a livelihood outcomes cultivate bamboo plants. Most artisans are farmers who have less income, forcing them to diversify in order to sustain the work of the household.
Krajan bamboo craftsmen in the village using two types of bamboo as a raw material of products namely wulung bamboo and bamboo tali. Bamboo wulung that has a characteristic dark brown processed into tables and chairs, while the strap is processed into bamboo baskets, nampah, where rice and dimsum place. Usually they work on the craft when free time after the completion of farming. After the product so, then they sell it to the local market. Products marketed itself by craftsmen, while products such as baskets, nampah, and the rice marketed through traders. With the coaching is done by the local government actually products can penetrate export markets and hotels.